Punching Out! Creating PCB Industry Giants and Mid-majors Through Acquisitions

Summit Interconnect announced the acquisition of Streamline Circuits. Summit itself was created in 2016 through the merger of KCA and Marcel, and is backed by a private equity firm. In the PCB and PCBA industry, TTM Technologies is the giant King Kong of acquisitions, growing from just $80 million in revenues 20 years ago to over $3 billion today. Due to acquisitions, there are now several “mid-majors” in the PCB industry. Some examples include:

  • Advanced Circuits: Five acquisitions since 2008 ($90 million in revenues with $25 million + EBITDA, owned by a publicly traded private equity firm)
  • APCT: Two acquisitions in two years (owned by a private equity backer)
  • FTG: Multiple acquisitions or partnerships ($100 million + revenues, $10 million EBITDA, publicly traded)
  • Summit Interconnect: One merger and one acquisition since 2016 (owned by a private equity firm)

Most likely there will be more U.S. PCB shops in the $50–250 million range in the coming years due to consolidation in the market as well as more capital available for acquisitions. In addition to acquisitions, there is certainly some re-shoring going on as well as a shift by customers away from smaller shops not investing in new equipment. These trends will help to consolidate more revenue into fewer shops.

There are approximately 210 PCB-making companies in North America. Of those, 100 are under $5 million in revenue, and about 50 are between $5–10 million (representing around $500–700 million in total revenues). Many of these smaller shops are true survivors, but few are investing in new equipment such as direct imaging, laser drills, via-fill equipment, etc. It is already difficult to compete without new equipment, and within 10 years, it will be practically impossible. I expect the total number of shops in North America to drop to under 100 with the bulk of that revenue transferring to larger shops through acquisitions and competition.

The shops making acquisitions are focusing on key areas of growth for them to become one-stop shops. Some of the key areas of growth these days are the following:

  • Military and aerospace: U.S. budgets are strong with more emphasis on electronics and high density versus weight
  • Rigid-flex and flex: Many new applications require rigid-flex and flex boards
  • Prototypes and quick-turns: The U.S. economy is good, and speed is more important than cost
  • RF and microwave: IoT, connectivity, and communications applications are up
  • Medical: None of us are getting younger, and there are many new applications in the medical field
  • Overseas and brokered boards: U.S. prototype and mid-volume shops have leads that turn into high-volume projects, and many customers do not want to work directly with overseas shops (if you can’t beat ‘em, broker ‘em)
  • Assemblies: More and more bare board shops are being asked by their customer to handle the entire assembly, which they either consign to trusted third-party electronics contract manufacturers or do the assembly in-house

Acquirers can choose to focus on one sector and be a category killer or expand into new sectors by acquiring shops that add capabilities. Overall, acquisitions are not easy to find, finance, close, and integrate, which is another reason why the larger shops will grow faster. It takes a skilled set of experienced executives with the right financial backing to make acquisitions successful.

Acquisitions are risky, but they can be a quicker and lower cost way of growing a company. In general, larger shops enjoy higher market multiples, are more profitable, and attract buyers with deeper pockets (more cash, better terms), so M&A can really pay off for the owners. Through M&A, there will be fewer PCB shops in North America in the coming years, and the larger shops that remain will be stronger and more efficient.

Tom Kastner is the president of GP Ventures, an M&A advisory services firm focused on the tech and electronics industries. He is a registered representative of StillPoint Capital, LLC—a Tampa, Florida member of FINRA and SIPC—and securities transactions are conducted through it. StillPoint Capital is not affiliated with GP Ventures.

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2019

Punching Out! Creating PCB Industry Giants and Mid-majors Through Acquisitions

01-03-2019

Summit Interconnect announced the acquisition of Streamline Circuits. Summit itself was created in 2016 through the merger of KCA and Marcel, and is backed by a private equity firm. In the PCB and PCBA industry, TTM Technologies is the giant King Kong of acquisitions, growing from just $80 million in revenues 20 years ago to over $3 billion today.

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2018

Punching Out! Avoid Surprises During the M&A Process

11-27-2018

No one likes surprises, especially in merger and acquisitions (M&A) deals; there are enough unknown variables to start with. As the deal progresses, tensions start to rise, so any additional variables can cause a disproportionate response. Below are some ways to avoid surprises, and how to deal with them when they come up.

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Punching Out! How to Avoid Key-Person Risk

09-06-2018

PCB West 2018 is next week in Santa Clara, California (September 11–13). Can you go to the show and visit a winery or two without your shop falling apart? Have you taken a vacation in the past few years? Can you afford to not do board rework on a holiday weekend, like this past Labor Day? If you answered “no” to any of these questions, you may have key-person risk.

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Punching Out! Beware of Customer Concentration Risk

08-08-2018

One of the biggest risks in M&A is customer concentration risk. It is hard to avoid as a business owner; if a customer is giving you orders, you generally take them! The next thing you know, your customer has 90% of your sales and they own you. We see this a lot in both the PCB and contract manufacturing industries.

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Punching Out! Dealing with Family Businesses

06-28-2018

Some families may have spent this past Father’s Day discussing family business issues, including when, how or whether to pass the baton. There are several issues to consider when dealing with a family business.

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Fact or Myth: Do 80% of M&A Deals Fail?

05-09-2018

We are often asked by business owners if the commonly quoted figure is true that 80% of mergers fail to meet expectations after closing. There is a fair amount of research on large ($1 billion+), public deals that suggests that the 80% post-closing failure rate may be true.

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How to Prepare for a Smooth Post-M&A Deal Transition

04-05-2018

Selling a company is an exciting process, as well as time-consuming, stressful, and complex. Both sellers and buyers are sometimes so caught up in the deal that they forget to properly plan the post-deal integration.

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Cross Border Deals: What to Look for and How to Manage

02-22-2018

My firm has been approached by foreign firms several times this year and in 2017 who want to acquire PCB, PCBA, or other electronics companies in North America.

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Punching Out! Top 10 M&A Deal Killers

01-25-2018

I am often asked about some of the reasons why M&A deals die. Although this is a very painful subject, hopefully through sharing these reasons we can help some deals survive the M&A process. Here are my top 10 M&A deal killers (and some of the solutions).

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2017

Punching Out! Survey on State of the North American PCB M&A Market

12-29-2017

Recently, my firm surveyed about 20 PCB manufacturers in North America with an estimated greater than $10 million in revenue. Quite a few replied, and we have spoken with many others throughout the year, which gives us a good view on the state of the PCB market. If I did not contact your shop recently, it is because we already talked within the last 12 months.

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Punching Out!: PCB/PCBA M&A Top 10 FAQs

11-13-2017

We talk with owners a lot about the possible sale of their businesses. Here are the top 10 questions asked by PCB/PCBA shop owners about the process.

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Punching Out! Case Study—Lessons on a Deal

10-19-2017

This is a story of one of our clients, a U.S. contract manufacturer that sold a few years ago. To maintain confidentiality, the names have been changed and the details slightly modified.

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Punching Out! Making the Process Easy (M&A Process Engineering)

09-06-2017

In the M&A world, there are companies that make it easy (or at least easier) and those that make it difficult. By making the process easier, sellers should see better valuations and terms, and have a smoother deal process.

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Punching Out! Bridging the Valuation Gap Between Buyer and Seller

06-13-2017

PCB acquisitions in the U.S. are down so far in the first five months of 2017, with only two announced deals (HT Global Circuits’ acquisition of Pho-Tronics in April; American Standard Circuits’ acquisition of Camtech in May); and one anonymous deal that I am aware of that has not been announced. This compares with 11 announced deals in 2016. There are a variety of reasons for the decline, but one reason could certainly be the valuation gap between buyer and seller.

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Punching Out! How to Put a Wrench in the Rumor Mill During the Sale of a Company

05-23-2017

When selling a house, the owner’s agent puts a sign in the front yard, posts info on the Web, and invites buyers over for an open house. When selling a car, we put a sign on the windshield and take out an ad with our phone number on it. However, when selling a business, some owners do not even tell their spouses.

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Punching Out! Selling a Company—Seeing it as a Triumph, Not a Defeat

04-25-2017

Somehow, there is a still a stigma that selling a company is a negative for the owner. Many people think that there must be something wrong, otherwise, they would not be selling. In reality, exiting a business should be looked at as a triumph for the owner, not a defeat.

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Punching Out! 10 Ways to Increase the Value of Your PCB/PCBA Shop

03-22-2017

I have worked with a wide range of companies in the PCB, PCBA, and other tech and electronics sectors. Through the years, I have developed some ideas on how companies can improve their valuation. Some of these ideas are simple and involve little cost, other ideas are more long-term and involve more effort or investment.

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Punching Out! When Should I Call an Investment Banker?

02-20-2017

The quick answer is ASAP. Even if you are not considering the sale of the company for 5−10 years, it is best to be educated and prepared. Give your advisor (or a few advisors) a call to discuss what can be done to get the company ready for a future sale. The worst time to call an i-banker or business broker is when you are forced to sell due to poor performance, health issues, pending bankruptcy, or dispute with a partner or manager.

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Punching Out! Types of Company Buyers in the PCB and EMS Sectors

01-09-2017

Mergers and acquisitions in the U.S. PCB sector have been in the news recently, with at least 12 deals completed over the past year, and several more in the works. In contrast, the EMS sector has been relatively quiet, but that may change now that the presidential election is over.

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2016

War Stories from the Front Lines of Deal-Making

09-16-2016

Here are some war stories from my experience in working on M&A deals in the PCB, EMS, and electronics fields. The names and details have been changed to protect the innocent.

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Timing: When is the Best Time to Sell?

08-18-2016

A few of the top questions we receive relate to the timing of the sale of a business. The first is, "Is now a good time?" The second one is, "How are market conditions?" These are the top FAQs.

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The PCB Sector—What Buyers Look for and Recent Deals

07-14-2016

The past few months have seen a rash of PCB deals in North America, for a variety of reasons.

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What the Heck is Adjusted EBITDA?

06-07-2016

If you are looking to sell or buy a business, you will most likely come across the term ‘adjusted EBITDA.’ Other common terms are adjusted cash flow, owner’s discretionary earnings, earnings after add-backs, etc. What do these terms mean, and why are they important?

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The Additive Process: Tips on How to Buy a Board Shop or Assembly House

05-14-2016

One of the quickest ways to grow a business is to acquire another business. At the same time, acquiring a business can be risky, and a really bad deal may put your original business in jeopardy. Here are some tips on how to make acquisitions.

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Your Baby’s Ugly, Now Get Over it (How to Work with Buyers)

04-14-2016

Here’s a scenario: An owner has gone to market and is starting to get feedback from buyers, and shockingly, not everyone appreciates the hard work and achievements that went into the business. Buyers may not understand the business, or they may be trying to position things for a low offer. In any case, it is important to know how to work with buyers.

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Putting Together the Deal Team

03-21-2016

When preparing to sell, remember the old saying, “He who represents himself has a fool for a client.” While many owners might be tempted to go it alone, in my experience it pays to have a deal team to help prepare a company (and the owner) for a sale

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Punching Out: How to Sell Your PCB/Assembly Shop

02-04-2016

You are thinking of selling your PCB or assembly shop. Perhaps you are contemplating retirement, you have no successors, and the thought of going to the office on Monday is driving you crazy. This column is designed to help your planning efforts. Future columns will go deeper into each subject

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