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Getting to Know Your Designer
In this issue, we examine how fabs work with their design customers, educating them on the critical elements of fabrication needed to be successful, as well as the many tradeoffs involved. How well do you really know your customer? What makes for a closer, more synchronized working relationship?
In this issue, the biggest names in PCB manufacturing share their economic outlook for the upcoming year and beyond. As you will see, they were all bullish on our industry, but there was some apprehension as well. No one wants to get burned by another the supply chain disruption.
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Estimated reading time: 3 minutes
The European Angle
By Pete Starkey
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Update An Inside Look: UK Collaborative Research Project Dissemination Conference
The headquarters of the Surface Engineering Association in Birmingham, UK, was an appropriate venue for a one-day conference to disseminate the results of a number of UK and European collaborative research and development projects with direct relevance to the electronics manufacturing, surface engineering, and metal finishing industries.
The conference attracted an international audience from industry and academia, taking the opportunity to share and discuss the outcome of research on a range of new materials, manufacturing, and recycling approaches with a focus on both sustainability and the cyclic economy and offering the potential for more efficient production.
Dave Elliot, Surface Engineering Association chief executive, introduced and moderated the opening session. His first speaker was Dr. Andy Cobley from Coventry University who described how, as part of the multi-partner Susonence project, sonochemical processes had been applied to the tin-lead barrel plating of battery components, resulting in significant improvements in efficiency and productivity.
Low-frequency ultrasound had been demonstrated to improve electrolyte flow within the barrel, enabling the use of higher current densities without burning. Plating capacity had been increased and better uniformity of alloy composition had been observed. The applicability of sonochemistry to the electroplating of zinc-nickel alloy for the automotive industry was being investigated.
Professor Karl Ryder from University of Leicester introduced a new TSB consortium project labelled Macfest--manufacturing advanced coatings for future electronic systems--which had spun out of the recently-completed Aspis project, where some interesting observations had been made when using types of ionic liquid known as deep eutectic solvents as an alternative to aqueous chemistry in the deposition of immersion gold on electroless nickel. Macfest set out to explore the fundamental molecular properties and interactions of nickel and gold in deep eutectic solvents with the objective of producing ENIG finishes with improved coating quality, solderability and wire-bondability by a process compatible with existing PCB manufacturing techniques and with the additional benefits of low environmental impact and no toxic components.
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